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Nail Fungus – Explained by Neck Lift Surgery in Atlanta

Glenda Conner 0


Nail fungus, also known as Onychomycosis, is an organism which digests the keratin found in your fingernails and toenails. Nail polish and plastic or acrylic nails can trap moisture and fungi. If you are looking forward to Neck Lift Surgery in Atlanta

Most often, nail fungus appears in the toenails because socks and shoes keep the toenails dark, warm, and moist. The most common infection of the nails is caused by an organism called fungus. Infections of nail fungus account for about half of all nail disorders. These infections usually develop on nails continually exposed to warm, moist environments, such as sweaty shoes or shower floors. As the nail fungus spreads deeper into your nail, it may cause your nail to discolor, thicken and develop crumbling edges – an unsightly and potentially painful problem. Onychomycosis tends to run in families because of an inherited tendency, but not everyone is susceptible. It is rare in children unless one or both parents are infected.

Toenails are more commonly affected than fingernails, because they grow very slowly, allowing the fungi more time to develop. Other conditions such as nail psoriasis or allergic reactions to nail polish, hardeners, or acrylic nails may look like fungal infections, but they are not. Fungal infection of the nails is also important in people who have other diseases such as diabetes, and those who have had their immune system suppressed. Factors that may increase the development of nail fungus include humidity, heat, trauma, diabetes mellitus, and underlying tinea pedis (athlete’s foot). The big toe is usually the first nail to be affected with the condition spreading to adjacent nails.

In rare cases this condition can also affect the skin surrounding the nails. There are many types of fungus present in our environment. Most are harmless, however, a group of fungi called dermatophytes can affect the feet. Dermatophytes thrive on warm, moist conditions. Nail fungus is more common among older adults because nails grow more slowly and thicken with aging, making them more susceptible to infection. Nail fungus also tends to affect men more than women and those with a family history of this infection. Nail fungus can be difficult to treat, and repeated infections are common. Over-the-counter antifungal nail creams and ointments are available, but they aren’t very effective.

Causes of Nail fungus

The common causes of Nail fungus include the following:

Dermatophyte fungi (tinea unguium).

Yeasts such as Candida albicans.

A minor skin or nail injury, a damaged nail or another infection.

Underlying tinea pedis (athlete’s foot).

Sweaty shoes and moist socks can be a contributing factor.

Working in a humid or moist environment.

Symptoms of Nail fungus

Some symptoms related to Nail fungus are as follows:

The nail may become brittle and split in to several pieces.

In some rare cases, nail fungus may cause pain, limit mobility, and interfere with manual dexterity.

Yellow or white patches of color on the nail.

Distorted in shape.

Flat or dull, having lost luster and shine.

Yellow horizontal streaks in the nail.

Treatment of Nail fungus

Here is list of the methods for treating Nail fungus:

Topical antifungal creams, lotions, gels, and lacquers may be used, however, it is difficult for them to penetrate the nail. Creams include Lotrimin, Monistat, Nizoral, Tinactin, and Lamisil.

Oral medicines like itraconazole, terbinafine, and fluconazole are used, and may require monitoring with blood tests.

If you have a mild to moderate infection of nail fungus, your doctor may prefer to prescribe an antifungal nail polish.

If you do not want to try to cure the condition you can control onychomycosis and improve the appearance of the nails by brushing on FDA approved undecylenic acid.

A new medication, terbinafine, is now available for the treatment of toe and finger nail fungal infections. Terbinafine is taken once a day for 6 to 12 weeks. This medication has less side effects than griseofulvin.

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